The long take is a cinematic technique that involves filming a scene in a single continuous shot, without any cuts or edits. This technique is often used to create a sense of realism and immersion in the film, as the audience is able to experience the scene in real time, without any interruptions. However, the long take can also serve a narrative purpose, helping to structure the story and convey important information to the audience.
One of the most famous examples of the long take in cinema is the opening scene of Orson Welles' "Touch of Evil" (1958). In this scene, the camera follows a car as it drives through a busy border town, introducing the audience to the film's setting and characters. The scene lasts for over three minutes, and the camera never cuts away from the action, creating a sense of urgency and tension. As film critic Roger Ebert noted, "This opening shot is famous not merely for its virtuosity, but for the way it pegs the movie in our minds right from the start."
Another example of the long take being used to structure a film's narrative can be seen in Alfonso Cuarón's "Children of Men" (2006). In this film, there are several extended sequences filmed in a single take, including a tense car chase and a battle scene. These sequences serve to immerse the audience in the action, and also to convey important information about the characters and their motivations. As Cuarón explained in an interview with Film Comment, "The long take was a way to make the audience feel the experience of the characters, to connect with them emotionally, and to have a sense of time and space."
The long take can also be used to create a sense of intimacy between the audience and the characters on screen. This can be seen in the opening scene of Robert Altman's "The Player" (1992), which begins with a seven-minute long take that follows the protagonist as he walks through a movie studio and interacts with various characters. This scene not only introduces the audience to the film's world and characters, but also establishes a sense of intimacy and connection between the audience and the protagonist.
In addition to its narrative benefits, the long take can also be a technical feat, requiring careful planning and coordination between the director, cinematographer, and actors. As director Alejandro G. Iñárritu noted in an interview with The Guardian, "The long take is like a ballet. You have to choreograph everything very carefully, and the actors have to hit their marks perfectly. But when it works, it can be incredibly powerful."
Overall, the long take is a versatile cinematic technique that can serve a variety of narrative and aesthetic purposes. Whether used to create tension, convey information, or establish intimacy, the long take is a powerful tool in a filmmaker's arsenal, capable of immersing the audience in the story and creating a lasting emotional impact.