The condom is one of the oldest forms of contraception known to humanity, and its history can be traced back to ancient civilizations. This paper will explore the history and development of the condom, from its earliest forms to the modern latex condom.

Ancient Condoms:

The first recorded use of a condom-like device dates back to ancient Egypt, around 1000 BC. These early condoms were made from animal bladders or intestines and were used to prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections. Similar devices were also used in ancient Greece and Rome, where they were made from goat or sheep intestines.

Renaissance Era:

During the Renaissance era, condoms were made from a variety of materials, including linen, silk, and even leather. These condoms were typically reusable and were intended to be washed and reused multiple times. However, they were often uncomfortable and not very effective at preventing pregnancy or STIs.

19th Century:

In the 19th century, the condom underwent significant changes. In 1839, Charles Goodyear invented vulcanized rubber, which made it possible to mass-produce condoms. This new manufacturing process made condoms more affordable and accessible to the general public. However, these early rubber condoms were thick and uncomfortable, and they were often stigmatized as being associated with prostitution.

20th Century:

In the 20th century, the condom continued to evolve. During World War I, soldiers were issued condoms to protect against STIs, which helped to popularize their use among the general population. In the 1920s, the first latex condoms were introduced, which were thinner and more comfortable than previous versions.

In the 1980s, the HIV/AIDS epidemic sparked a renewed interest in condom use as a means of preventing the spread of the disease. This led to the development of new types of condoms, including those made from polyurethane and polyisoprene. These materials are non-latex and have a thinner, more natural feel than latex condoms.

Modern Condoms:

Today, condoms come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and materials. They are widely available and are considered to be one of the most effective methods of preventing pregnancy and STIs. In recent years, there has been a push towards developing more sustainable and eco-friendly condoms, such as those made from natural rubber or biodegradable materials.


The history and development of the condom is a testament to humanity's commitment to sexual health and wellbeing. From ancient animal bladders to modern latex and non-latex condoms, the condom has undergone significant changes over the centuries. While there is still much work to be done in terms of making condoms more accessible and reducing stigma around their use, they remain an important tool for preventing unintended pregnancies and STIs.


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